Virtual Sightseeing Tour "Kiel Mutiny" Nov. 1918

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Nr. 12: Contemporary memorial and graves of the fallen

With great interest of the population the killed were buried on 10 November at the Eichhof Cemetery. Military personnel were buried at the North Cemetery.

 

Eichhof-cemetry, present day map Eichhof-cemetry, layout of the last home of the victims
Karte Eichhof-Friedhof Layout of the last home
Overview of the Eichhof cemetery lay-out, click to enlarge Layout of the landscaping (1924, town archive). The landscaping was designed in mid 1924 by the garden architect Leberecht Migge.
Present day view Former view
Foto Gräberfeld und Gedenkstein 2009 Foto historisch Beerdigung
Memorial and graves in Nov. 2009, photo by K. Kuhl Theodor Duzy, Franz Maje, Friedrich Weisel, Max Detlefs, Anton Nagel (Artur Hoffmann was transferred at the request of his father immediately after the funeral ceremony to Dresden, SPD newspaper VZ 11/11/1918) Funeral of the victims on 10 November 1918, town archive. Gustav Garbe and Lothar Popp held the funeral eulogies.
Nord-cemetry, present day map Nord-cemetry, former map

Größere Kartenansicht
Stadtplan historisch
  Part of a town map, ca. 1910
Present day view Former view
Foto Gräberfeld Nordfriedhof  
Burial zone Z in the Nord Cemetery, where the dead of November 1918 lie; photo K. Kuhl, 2010 Photo (in progress). The funeral of six victims was held on 11 November 1918. Gustav Noske held the funeral eulogy (VZ 11.11.1918 and 11.11.1918 KZtg A).

Further descriptions and explanations:

A list of the fallen as well as a description of the memorial and the graves can be found here (pdf, 200 kB) >>

Information and photographs on the funeral can be found here (pdf, 1.2 MB) >>

In 2011 the 'Kiel Initiative 1918/19' erected an information board at the last home of the victims, which explains the landscaping and the background of the events.

Click on the photograph on the right to see the magnified information board (German text).

English translation (pdf, 170 kB) >>

Infotafel

See also the extensive work of Regine Bigga, Eckhard Colmorgen, Uwe Danker and Irene Dittrich: Friedhof als Quelle historischen Arbeitens: Der Eichhof in Kiel/Kronshagen (graveyard as a historical source: the Eichhof cemetryin Kiel/Kronshagen. In: Demokratische Geschichte 6, 1991, S. 259–318, ISSN 0932-1632, available as a pdf document: >>

See also Johannes Rosenplänter: Zur Entstehung der 'Ruhestätte der Opfer der Revolution' auf dem Kieler Eichhoffriedhof 1918-1924 (On the emergence of the 'resting place of the victims of the revolution' at the Kiel cemetery Eichhof 1918-1924). Ein Werk des Landschaftsarchitekten Leberecht Migge. In: Rolf Fischer (Hrsg.), Revolution und Revolutionsforschung – Beiträge aus dem Kieler Initiativkreis 1918/19. Reihe: Sonderveröffentlichungen der Gesellschaft für Kieler Stadtgeschichte (Band 67), Ludwig Verlag, Kiel 2011, ISBN: 978-3-86935-059-2

Rosenplänter describes in his publication i.a., that the landscaping in its current form, was developed in May/June 1924 by one of the most renowned garden architects of that time, Leberecht Migge entstand.

 

The virtual sightseeing tour at a glance:

  1. Holtenau viaduct and locks >>
  2. Large drillground (Großer Exerzierplatz) >>
  3. Karlstraße / Langer Segen >>
  4. Torpedo workshop Friedrichsort, Germania shipyard Kiel-Gaarden >>
  5. Barracks (Kasernen) in Kiel-Wik >>
  6. Marinestation Ostsee >>
  7. Arrestanstalt (military prison >>
  8. Trade union house (Gewerkschaftshaus) >>
  9. Town hall (Rathaus) >>
  10. "Schloßhof" >>
  11. Station (Bahnhof) >>
  12. Graves of the killed revolutionaries and soldiers >>

Real, guided tours on this subject are offered by:
- Geo-Step-by-Step >>
- Ernst Mühlenbrink, via Society for Kiel's Town History (Gesellschaft für Kieler Stadtgeschichte) >>
- AKENS, Asche Arbeitskreis >>

 

Last modified: 05 July 2016

 

Sailors' Revolt / Kiel Mutiny November 1918 - here you'll find the following further information:

  • Interview with one of the leaders of the mutiny: Lothar Popp >>
  • CV Lothar Popp >>
  • Recollection of the other leader of the mutiny: Karl Artelt >>
  • CV Karl Artelt >>
  • Additional contemporary witnesses (Riedl, Bredenbek, Preßler, Pump; diary of an engineer, Jung, Völcker, ...) >>
  • Videofilm with contemporary witnesses: "Kiel schreibt Geschichte - Matrosenaufstand im November 1918" >>
  • Evaluations of the incidents in Kiel (Dähnhardt, Wette, ...) >>
  • Detailed timeline with documents >>
  • Virtual sightseeing tour >>
  • Commentary >>